Furry rodents may look cute, but the vermants live wild dirty lives and are responsible for spreading many dangerous and even deadly infections. Urine and feces are the most common rodent infection transmission routes, so take care to avoid inhaling or ingesting these conceivably contaminated substances. Therefore, when cleaning a rodent infested area, be sure to wear a mask and plastic gloves. Thoroughly clean and disinfect, all sheets, pillow cases, blankets, and towels that have been contaminated by rodent waste. Don’t use a vacuum cleaner when cleaning a room full of rodent wastes. Air currents would be generated that could kick up pathogen containing dust that can mix with the air and be inhaled. If you come down with fever or flu symptoms after cleaning a rodent infected area, see your physician.
Use precautions when laying down rodent poisons). To make sure they don’t come in contact with pets or children, place them in areas that are tiotally inaccessible to everyone except rodents. One or more of four poisons are most often included in rat bait: Bradificoum, Difacinone, Warfarin, and Bromadiolone. All of these compounds attack vitamin K dependent coagulating factors. Intentional or accidental overdose of any of these chemicals will result in side-effects such as ecchymoses (bleeding in the skin), epistaxis (nose bleeds), gum bleeds, flank pain (as a result of internal bleeding), hematuria (blood in the urine), retinal hemorrhages, and internal bleeding (associated with ingestion of very large doses). If someone in the household eats rat poison, take him to the emergency room immediately. Treatment is long term administration of vitamin K.
Mosquito Borne Illnesses:
Mosquitoes are a vector for many hazardous viral illnesses including Zika fever, chikungunya, dengue fever, West Nile virus fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Dengue fever causes severe joint pain (breakbone fever). Malaria can be fatal if not medically treated. Zika virus normally causes a transient flu like illness, but it can cause birth defects when contracted by a pregnant woman. These health risks impel you to protect yourself against mosquito bites . If you discover mosquitoes in your backyard, contact a pest specialist immediately. He may be able to get rid of local mosquitoes and clean up dangerous mosquito breeding areas. If you are traveling to an area where mosquitoes are prevalent, wear long sleeve shirts and long pants, apply mosquito repellent, and sleep under mosquito netting.
A recent article in JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association) listed reliable mosquito repellents: Deet (7% pump spray, 15% and 25% aerosol spray, or 30% lotion), Picardin (spray or wipes), IR3535 (lotion or spray), Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (30% pump spray). All of these repellents are available in local stores at reasonable prices. When using the repellents, note how long they are effective and reapply the material before protection lapses.
Pest Spray Health Precautions
While all marketed pest sprays have FDA approval, they may still cause illnesses including cancer. FDA approval only ensures that the positive benefits of the spray outweigh the possible side effects. To avoid the harmful side-effects, carefully follow printed instructions on the pesticide labels.